Many women have ovarian cysts that resolve on their own without any discomfort or complication. But sometimes ovarian cysts cause pain and other worrisome symptoms. At the practice of Andrei Buna, MD, in Randolph, New Jersey, Dr. Buna can check you for ovarian cysts during your regular pelvic exams, and if they’re causing problems for you, he can treat them. Call his office or book an appointment online to learn about ovarian cyst management.
Ovarian cysts are sacs of fluid that can form on or in an ovary, one of the two reproductive organs on either side of the uterus that produce eggs. Development of cysts is completely normal, and most disappear without you even knowing they were there.
Ovarian cysts usually go away on their own and cause no concern. But cysts can sometimes grow large or rupture, and then they make themselves known by causing problems, including:
Rarer symptoms that accompany ovarian cysts include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, weight gain, pelvic pain, and pain during your period.
If you have symptoms that indicate an ovarian cyst, talk to Dr. Buna, and he’ll do a pelvic exam to check your ovaries. Depending on his findings and the severity of your symptoms, he may order an ultrasound, hormone level tests, blood tests, and a pregnancy test. These help him determine the reason you have a cyst and if it’s a reason for concern.
If he detects a cyst during a normal pelvic exam, but it isn’t causing you any symptoms, he may recommend regular monitoring to ensure it doesn’t change in size.
Treatment depends on the severity of your symptoms, your age, and the type and size of your cyst or cysts. Medications, such as hormonal contraceptives, can prevent ovarian cysts from recurring. These contraceptives can’t shrink an existing cyst, however.
If you have a large cyst or one that continues to grow through a few menstrual cycles, Dr. Buna may recommend surgery. In many cases, he can remove the cyst without removing the ovary; but if the affected ovary is removed, your other one remains intact.
In rare cases of a cancerous cystic mass, you may need more comprehensive surgery, such as hysterectomy, to eliminate all cancer remnants.
To learn more about management of ovarian cysts, call Dr. Buna’s office or book an appointment online.